Wahyu

Recently graduated from University of Sydney, Australia
IELTS 7.5

Language acquisition can be a boring process, but song and music can make it much more fun, yet efficient. During my initial phase in learning English, I enrich my vocabulary, understand grammar, improve pronunciation and have the courage to speak up, when I sing. Of course, people have different hobbies, and I’d surely like to understand what you would like to do to help you improve your English. Movies or games can also have the same effect, depends on what you like to do during spare times. I could say that song and movies had helped me reaching my longtime childhood dream, studying abroad. Yes, I scored IELTS 7.5 which is a requirement to get admitted to Sydney University, (equal to 610 in TOEFL) through songs, movies and games. Commitment is a must, but when you know how to make it fun, learning English could always be something you’re waiting for in your days.

5 Grammar QAs

  1. Who, whom and whose: what’s the difference? How do we use these?

The word ‘who’ refers to an adverb explaining an unknown person or the one being investigated. A question with ‘who’ can be answered with pronouns, such as I, you, we, they, he, she, it, because it is a question about a subject.

Example:         Who is standing by the door?

My father (he) is standing by the door.

The word ‘whom’ is an adverb explaining an unknown object or the one being investigated.  It can be answered with an object form of a pronoun, such as him, her, them, us, me, it, you.

Example:         Whom are you talking to?

I’m talking to (him/her) my imaginary friend.

‘Whose’ can be used to investigate or explain possession. When used as a question, the word ‘whose’ should be followed with an object that the owner is unknown/being investigated.

Example:         Whose cat is that running around our yard?

It’s my grandmother’s (her) cat.

  1. How to differentiate the word ‘like’ which means ‘similar to/the same as’ and ‘like’ that refers to preferences?

The word ‘like’ which means ‘similar to/the same as’ works as preposition, adverb, noun, conjunction and adjective, but not as a verb. Therefore, the rule should follow the usage of these types of word in each form. On the other hand, the word ‘like’ that means ‘agreeable,’ is a verb and become noun only by gerund. The usage should follow rules abiding verb.

  1. When do we use additional suffix -s/-es in a sentence or a word?

Suffix -s/-es should only be used for:

  1. Creating a plural word. You can turn a single word into plural by incorporating suffix -s or -es into the word. Most single words can be changed into plural by adding -s, while suffix -es should only be used for changing single word that ends with -s, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z. For example: chair > chairs, story > stories, church > churches, etc. It important to note, however, that there are several irregularities such as: man > men, child > children, woman > women, etc.
  2. Explaining things that are constantly occurring, or a regular activity, or natural law widely accepted as it is, the suffix -s/-es should be added when the pronouns are he, she, or it. For example: he works in a coffeeshop, my mother asks me to clean the sink.
  3. It’s or its?

‘It’s’ is a short version of ‘it is,’ that people often mistaken as its. ‘It is’ is a combination of subject and modalities/auxiliary verb, while ‘its’ is a possessive form that should be followed by a noun. For example: ‘it’s a table’ has the same meaning as ‘it is a table’

The city lost its mayor in a car accident. The word ‘its’ explains that the mayor belongs to the city.

  1. Do you call a company ‘they’ or ‘it’?

Company is one single entity comprises of many people. Although it consists of many people, but the appropriate pronoun to replace ‘company’ is ‘it’ because it is a single entity.

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