The Use of Passive

Berikut disajikan dua paragraf. Satu mengenai ilmuan bernama J.J. Thomson, dan satunya lagi mengenai elektron.

  1. British physicist and mathematician and head of a group of researchers at Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge. Thomson discovered the electron. He is regarded as the founder of modern physics.
  2. A subatomic particle and one of the basic constituents of matter. The electron was discovered by J.J. Thomson. It is found in all atoms and contains the smallest known negative electrical charge.

Bandingkan dua kalimat di bawah yang diambil dari masing-masing paragraf.


  • Thomson discovered the electron
    The electron was discovered by Thomson


Kedua kalimat tersebut memilik arti yang sama, namun topik dari masing-masing kalimat berbeda. Untuk kalimat pertama, topiknya adalah Thomson, sedangkan kalimat kedua topiknya adalah the electron. Topik di sini maksudnya adalah subyek dari kalimat, ketika subjek berstatus agen (seseorang/sesuatu yang melakukan action), verb-nya bersifat aktif. Ketika subjek statusnya bukan agen, verb-nya bersifat pasif. Untuk mengenali kalimat aktif dan pasif hanya tinggal melihat apakah si subjek melakukan suatu aksi terhadap objek (aktif), atau si objek yang menjadi penerima aksi subjek (pasif). Dalam kedua contoh kalimat di atas, Thomson lah yang menjadi subjek dengan electron yang menjadi objek.


Kalimat pasif memiliki to be dan passive participle. To be yang sesuai dengan kalimatnya dalam bentuk aktif, serta passive participle, yang kurang lebih sama bentuknya dengan past participle.

Contoh sederhana:

Active: The Ministry announced the figure.

Passive: The figure was announced.

  1. Simple tenses (Object + simple form to be + passive participle)
    • Large numbers of people are killed on the roads by an accident.
    • The drugs were found by the police.
  2. Perfect tenses (Object + perfect form to be + passive participle)
    • Cocaine has been seized by the FBI.
    • The food has been eaten by Jake.
  3. Continuous tenses (Object + continuous form to be + passive participle)
    • The cake is being eaten by them.
    • These men are being questioned by detectives last night.
  4. Will and be going to (Object + future to be + passive participle)
    • The drugs will be destroyed.
    • The food that you’ve made earlier will be eaten by them.

*Sumber: John Eastwood, Oxford Guide to English Grammar, Oxford University Press 1994


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3 thoughts on “Andy

  • Mr.Andy ia truly patient to deliver the matter. He always give an input and keypoint for practice english in verbal and written. He has a good skill in verbal as well, like a native.

    • Mr.Andy is truly patient to deliver the materials, give some input and keypoint to practice english in verbal and written. Have a good verbal skill as well, like a native speaker.

      • Mr Andy have a good skill to teach , attractive and have a flexible time from me as a working with didn’t have a fixed time

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