Hello, my name is Taufiq. I graduated from ITB with bachelor degree in Industrial Engineering. I currently work as Management Trainee in PT Astra International Tbk. Despite my engineering (and now management) background, English has played major role in my life. Because of it, I’ve met and made friends with people across the globe, especially since I joined national and international English Debate and Model United Nation during my varsity years. It led me to visit Bandung, Jakarta, Salatiga, Jogjakarta, Lampung, Singapore, and eventually, New York City to represent my campus for competitions purpose – creating stories while snatching some awards along the way.
Having C1 CEFR certification (required: TOEFL ITP Score >627) in English too, helps me find several scholarships (and now, a career) that offer many self-development opportunities.That’s why in my opinion learning English can bring tremendous benefits, and it doesn’t have to be stressful. I learnt English initially from video games, through playing many RPGs, then by browsing the web for fun or watching movies, and finally with my friends – through discussions, speeches and debates. There are many ways to learn English for fun. You can do it too. If that motivates you, I’d be happy to welcome you on board as your study partner. Let’s take it up a notch!
We’re going to learn conditional sentences, one of the most commonly used grammar in English literature, movies, and of course, daily conversations. While this is very useful to know, the concept is often hard to get accustomed to especially for beginners. Nevertheless, practice makes perfect so here goes.
Conditional Sentences is also known as Conditional Clauses. Some may refer to this as If-Clauses. It is used to tell how something (the main clause) can only happen if a certain requirement/situation (the if-clause) is fulfilled. If that sounds hard, don’t worry. It’ll be easier with examples. But before we get to that, we’re going to divide the examples in three sections as there are three types of Conditional Clauses: Type I, Type II, and Type III.
- Conditional Type I is used for action that is possible and very likely to be fulfilled. The formula goes as [if + Simple present, will-future].
- If you study and practice hard, you will succeed.
- If we are kind to others, others will do the same thing to us too.
- If you live in Jakarta, you will probably encounter many traffic jams.
- Conditional Type II is used for action that is possible but unlikely to be fulfilled. The formula goes as [if + Simple past, Would + V1].
- If I had a BMW, I would love spending more time traveling.
- If they could spend more time on vacation, they would not need to go home so soon.
- If I found your lost wallet, I would let you know.
- Conditional Type III is used for action that is impossible to fulfill because it refers to the past/imaginary scenarios. The formula goes as [if + Past perfect, Would Have + V3]
- If you had continued working out regularly, you would have been in better health.
- If we had learned Japanese before, we would not have been lost in Kyoto.
- If she had intended to hang out with her boyfriend today, she would have left the office sooner.
Conditional Clauses takes on many form and types, be sure to identify which type is suitable for which context. Get yourself familiar with the distinctions among the two. Many beginners get confused because they are not yet accustomed to which is which. The tip is to try to make as many sentences as you can think of and check which type it falls into. That’s all for the basics, have fun learning!