Khansa

S1 Sastra Inggris Universitas Brawijaya

My name is Khansa and I majored in English Literature in Universitas Brawijaya. I’m a laid back but also serious person, so don’t worry because our class won’t be too stuffy! joking is fine as long as you still pay attention in the class. I’m used to proofreading so if you want my help, don’t hesitate to ask 🙂 I also have TOEFL ITP score 607.

PRONOUN

Pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. In sentences, we use pronoun when we want to substitute noun to avoid repetition. Take a look at the example:

Susan is staying at home alone for a week because Susan’s parents are in vacation so Susan ask Susan’s friends to stay over.

In this example, Susan’s name is repeated for three times. In order to avoid repeating the same (proper) noun in the same sentence, we could use pronoun as the substitute:

Susan is staying at home alone for a week because her parents are in vacation so she ask her friends to stay over.

You can see that the pronouns “her” and “she” take place of the proper noun “Susan”. The meanings are still the same which all refer to Susan, what changed is that the sentence sounds more natural because there is no repetition.

To understand more about pronoun, please take a look at this table:

Personal Pronoun Possessive Reflexive

Pronoun

Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun Adjective Pronoun
I (1stperson singular) me my mine myself
you (2ndperson singular) you your yours yourself
he (3rdperson singular masculine) him his his himself
she (3rdperson singular feminine) her her hers herself
it (3rdperson singular neuter) it its its itself
we (1stperson plural) us our ours ourselves
you (2ndperson plural) you your yours yourselves
they (3rdperson plural) them their theirs themselves

 

According to its functions, there are few types of pronoun. They are:

  1. Personal Pronoun

Personal Pronoun is a pronoun which refer to the participants mentioned in the sentence, as example: person (who is speaking? First person, second person, or third person), number (singular or plural)and gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter).

 

Personal pronoun can be used as subject (Nominative Case) and object (Objective Case). As examples:

 

Tell Bruno to give me the letter. (Objective Case indirect object)

She is my sister’s friend. (Nominative Case 3rd person singular)

 

  1. Possessive Pronoun

Possessive Pronoun is a pronoun which indicating possession or ownership of someone or something.

Important!

Possessive form has two types, Possessive Pronoun and Possessive Adjective. Possessive Adjective is used to modify a noun by showing a form of possession or belonging to particular person or thing, while Possessive Pronouns are used to replace or substitute the nouns. Examples:

 

This is our house.

  • The sentence uses Possessive Adjective. Pronoun “our” modify the noun “house”, showing that the house belonging to particular person which is “we”.

A group of students gave me books just now. Those books are theirs.

  • The sentence uses Possessive Pronoun. Pronoun “theirs” replace or substitute plural noun “a group of students”.
  1. Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns are pronoun used when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence or personal pronouns. It always preceded by noun or pronoun to which it refers (antecedent). When we use reflexive pronouns, we add –self or –selves to the preceding pronouns. Examples:

 

My son draw himself for his art class.

  • the reflexive pronoun refers back to the noun or subject “My son”

She bought dinner for herself.

  • the reflexive pronoun refers back to the pronoun or subject “She”
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