Adinda

Postgraduate Student of Linguistics in Universitas Airlangga

Hi, there! My name is Adinda. I don’t know how I end up in loving English but I know that when I was a kid, I used to pretend to speak English even though I didn’t know English words besides ‘yes’ and ‘no’. Back in high school, my English skill was really poor. Then, in 12th grade, I decided to take an English course and I started to fall in love with English!

I didn’t want to stop learning English so I applied to English Department, Universitas Airlangga and got accepted. 3.5 years later, I am a graduate student of English Department. Currently, I am a postgraduate student of Linguistics in Universitas Airlangga. I understand that maybe for some of you, learning foreign language is difficult and boring—well, it’s not if you can find a fun way to learn! I always learn to improve my English skills by keep practicing, especially in speaking, because I believe that practice makes perfect. I also improve my skills by doing things that I love: watching TV series and movies by using English subtitles, because who doesn’t love movies, right? To add more, I am experienced in teaching English because I have been teaching in several English courses, translating, and proofreading.

Now, I’m here together with Britishenglishclass.com to help you learn and improve your English skills in fun and easy ways.

 

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE: IF CLAUSE

To begin with, a conditional sentence consists of two clauses: ­if-clause and main clause.

There are three types of conditional sentences:

Types

 

 

Type 1

Indication

To talk about what possibly could happen in the future.

 

Formula

If + simple present  ,present modal +infinitive

 

Example

If I get the chance, I will go there.

If you ask me, I can help you with it.

 

TYPE 2

Indication

To talk about something that may not going to happen in the future.

 

Formula

If + simple past ,past modal + infinitive

 

Example

If I got the chance, I would go there.

If you asked me, I could help you with it.

 

NOTE #1

 

 

If the if-clauseof type 2 uses verb be instead of a verb in past form, we use WERE for all subjects.

 

Example

If I were you, I would go there.

If he were here, he might do that.

 

TYPE 3

Indication

To talk about the past condition that is unreal.

 

Formula

If+ past perfect,past modal+past participle+infinitive

 

Example

If I had gotten the chance, I would have gone there.

If you had asked me, I could have helped you.

 

 

NOTE #2

 

 

If the if-clause is placed after the main clause, we don’t use a comma.

 

Example

I will go there if I get the chance.

I would go there if I got the chance.

I would go there if I were you.

I would have gone there if I had gotten the chance.

NOTE ABOUT MODALS

Similar to verbs, modalsare also divided into present modals and past modals.

  • Present modals : will, can, may, shall, must.

  • Past modals : would, could, might, should.

 

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